Injury Science

History and Science Behind Vibration Therapy and Wellness Programs

Vibration therapies and wellness programs possess a wide spectrum of benefits both physiological and psychological. These benefits include: increases in strength, neural function, bone density, balance, flexibility, coordination, growth hormone and detoxification ability.

Brief History:

As a therapy, whole body vibration (WBV) was explored by Russian Scientist Vladimir Nazarov, who tested vibration on cosmonauts, in an effort to decrease the loss of muscle and bone mass in space. This was done due to the smaller gravitational force in space which causes rapid muscle atrophy and decreases bone density increasing the risk of bone fractures. The induced tremor increases metabolism (increased VO2) and detoxification through lymphatic circulation.

People exercising on a whole body vibrating platform work all of their structural body muscles harder in a shorter period of time. The Z-Axis (up and down) has the largest amplitude and is the most defining component in generating and inducing muscle contractions. Due to this subconscious contraction of the muscles, many more muscle fibers are used than in a conscious voluntary movement. (1) This is also obvious from the heightened EMG activity. (2, 3)

Targeted Biomechanical Stimulation (BMS) was developed in 1970 by Vladimir Nazarov for conditioning Soviet Athletes. BMS relies on an exclusively mechanical action directly applied to specific human muscles by means of vibration having a specific frequency and amplitude in accordance with the desired application. This differs from Whole Body Vibration (WBV) where a person stands upon a vibrating surface and vibration forces are transmitted to the entire muscle and tendon structure by way of bones and joints. The vibrations, which resemble and imitate the natural vibrations of the body, act upon the strained or expanded muscles along the muscle fiber. By purposely influencing the vibrational parameters of the body BMS generates positive effects on the blood circulation and our lymphatic systems.

Lymph, unlike the blood, does not have a circulatory system but relies on the movements of the muscles for its proper functioning. BMS can stimulate lymph flow since with vibration, a vacuum is periodically created. (4) Improved movements of the muscles caused by BMS may allow the body part to experience significantly increased blood circulation. The rapid contraction and relaxation of the muscles at 20 – 50 times per second basically works as a pump on the blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, increasing the speed of the blood flow through the body. (5, 6) Subjects often experience this as a tingling, prickling, warm sensation in the skin. Both Stewart and Oliveri describe the appearance of vasodilation (widening of the blood vessels) as a result of vibration. (7, 8)

BMS and Pain:

BMS plays an important role in the perception of pain, not just due to the production of endorphins but also because of the suppression of the nozioceptive pathways. BMS is superior to Standard Resistant Exercises (SRE) because it can accomplish the same results in less time and with less perceived effort. It is also available to injured people with impaired control over their body due to pain, injury or inability.

BMS and Neural Reconditioning:

An exciting application of BMS is its ability to increase neural coordination and efficiency. BMS has shown to “… increase in motor unit synchronization, co-contraction of the synergist muscles, and / or increased inhibition of the antagonist muscles. “(9) BMS also “induced an improvement of the neuromuscular efficiency of the muscles involved in the vibration treatment.” (10) The fact that BMS also has a history of effectiveness with strokes, Parkinson’s and M.S. suggests that the improvement in neural functioning may go beyond simply increasing coordination. BMS may in fact stimulate nerve re-growth in all tissues of the body. As such BMS may have a therapeutic role in all neural injuries.

Conclusion:

Vibration therapies and wellness programs possess a wide spectrum of benefits both physiological and psychological. These benefits include: increases in strength, neural function, bone density, balance, flexibility, coordination, growth hormone and detoxification ability.

Sources

Issurin VB, Tenenbaum G., Acute and Residual Effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes, J Sports Sci. 1999 Mar; 17(3): 177-82, PMID 10362384, ab Bosco C, Cardinale M, Tsarpela O, Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles, Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1999 Mar, 79(4):306-11, PMID 10090628, Delecluse C, Roelants M, Vershueren S: Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training, Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Jun;35(6):1033-41, PMID 12783053, F. Hauk (1995) Revolution in a Box Interview 2, page 1, Kerschan-Schindl K, Grampp S, Henk C, Resch H, Preisinger E, Fialka-Moser V, Imhof H: “Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume”, Clin Physiol. 2001 May;21(3):377-82, PMID11380538, Lohman EB 3rd, Petrofsky JS, Maloney-Hinds C, Betts-Schwab H, Thorpe D.: “The effect of whole body vibration on lower extremity skin blood flow in normal subjects”, Med Sci Monit. 2007 Feb;13(2):cr71-6, PMID 17261985, Stewart JM, Karman C, Montgomery LD, McLeod KJ.:” Plantar vibration improves leg fluid flow in women”, AM J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Mar;288(3): R623-9. Epub2004 Oct 7, PMID 15472009, Oliveri DJ, Lynn K, Hong CZ.:Increased skin temperature after vibratory stimulation, Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1989 Apr;68(2):81-5, PMID 2930643, S. Torvinen, P. Kannus, H. Sievanen, T. A.H. Jarvinen, M. Pasanen, S. Kontulainen, T. Jarvinen, M. Jarvinen, P. Oja, I. Vuori (April, 2002). Effect of four-month vertical whole-body vibration on performance and balance Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 1526, C. Bosco, M. Cardinale, O. Tsarpele, E. Locatelli (1999). New trends in training science; The use of vibrations for enhancing performance. New studies in Athletics

38 million people suffer from concussion or Mild TBI’s annually,
and only 10% of those are being treated.

BIPRI has created multiple nutritional supplements for their holistic brain wellness programs. These products were created to help people who have recently had a mild TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury), those involved in sports where they may receive a concussion or TBI, or for those who continue to suffer from previous Mild TBI’s.

It is estimated that between 10-20% of our military veterans returning from service have suffered from one or more Mild TBI’s or concussions.

BIPRI has developed 5 unique supplements to help with nutritional brain support:

  • BIPRI Neuro Vitamin Plus
  • BIPRI Omega-3 Plus
  • BIPRI Probiotic Blend
  • BIPRI Brain & Memory Fuel
  • BIPRI Optimal Brain Performance
  • BIPRI Children’s Prevention Plus

INJURY PROGRAM SUPPLEMENT INFO:

The Wellness by Supplements Pillar of the BIPRI Injury Program includes the following unique formulas:

  • BIPRI Neuro Vitamin Plus
  • BIPRI Omega-3 Plus
  • BIPRI Probiotic Blend

BIPRI‘s formulas contain other ingredients that are not found in other supplements on the market, such as PQQ (Pyrroloquinoline Quinone). PQQ is a fairly new supplement that has been on the market for a short time. It has been shown in numerous clinical studies to help improve brain performance, particularly in short-term memory. PQQ also helps in mitochondria functioning. The BIPRI Neuro Vitamin Plus includes PQQ as well as provides a variety of other nutrients, multivitamins, minerals, and a blend of additional ingredients to help with brain performance and memory.

The BIPRI Omega-3 Plus is a vital supplement containing DHA. DHA is fundamental for brain health and development as is supports the brain as we age.

The ingredients in the BIPRI Probiotic Blend have been shown in multiple research to aid in the connection between our brain health and our gut health. Research shows that our gut is actually like our second brain. This vital connection between these two nervous systems is why having a healthy gut is important to also having a healthy brain.

Many believe that the best way to recuperate from a traumatic brain injury or concussion is to rest but, this is not entirely the best solution.

In a study published by University of Buffalo scientists in the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, shows that individualized exercise programs just beneath the beginning of symptoms is safe and can alleviate almost all post-concussion symptoms. “The results counter the accepted wisdom that PCS should be treated with rest, reassurance and antidepressants and that physical activity should be avoided.” Those athletes that practiced or exercised returned to normal within 11 to 36 days, while the individuals who did not exercise or practice and just rested required 41 to 112 days of to recuperate.

Perhaps the most exciting aspect of this study is that all of the subjects that participated, both athletes and non-athletes, got better eventually, although the athletes certainly improved the fastest. It also was reassuring to discover that the use of exercise was safe and did not prolong symptoms, a worry expressed by other practitioners.Barry Willer, PhD UB Professor of Psychiatry and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Buffalo

Physical exercise helps the brain by increasing the flow of blood, which delivers vital oxygen and glucose to the brain while carrying away waste products. Exercise that increases the heart rate, like walking, running, or cycling, also helps to pump even more oxygen and glucose to the brain. According to the Franklin Institute:

Walking is especially good for your brain, because it increases blood circulation and the oxygen and glucose that reach your brain. Walking is not strenuous, so your leg muscles don’t take up extra oxygen and glucose like they do during other forms of exercise. As you walk, you effectively oxygenate your brain. Maybe this is why walking can “clear your head” and help you to think better.

The Franklin Institute also stated that physical exercise has even shown to aid in the growth of cerebral blood vessels. Physical exercise also stimulates the brain’s synapses by preserving the number of acetylcholine receptors found at the junction of muscle and nerve. Active people have more receptors in their brains than inactive people.

Stretching:

Impacts of a traumatic brain injury decreased array of movement, spasticity, stiffness, ataxia, and decreased tone, which can at first cause flexible activities to be hard to perform. A customary stretching routine can enhance spasticity and tightness.

Aerobic Exercise:

Aerobic exercise is good for your heart, and therefore is good for your brain as well. It improves brain function and repairs damaged brain cells. Also, this type of exercise affects the nervous system and encourages the brain’s “pleasure” chemicals, like dopamine. Regular exercise can make people feel happier and calmer, which helps to improve symptoms of depression.

In a study by Joe Northey, a PhD candidate at the University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise in Australia, showed that when people ride a stationary bike, they experience increased blood flow to the brain, and within that blood are a range of growth factors that are responsible for cell growth and associated with improved brain function.

Considering exercise can also reduce the risks associated with common lifestyle diseases that impact the brain, such as high blood sugar and hypertension, it is further motivation to try to incorporate exercise as part of a healthy lifestyle.Joe Northey University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise

Also, according to Harvard University, adults should strive for at least 2-2.5 hours of moderate aerobic exercise every week; doing it in parts, like an hour in the morning, and an hour in the evening.

Yoga and Meditation:

Meditation exercise, like yoga, is a great way to stretch and improve flexibility. This type of exercise combining stretching with meditation can help you focus and quiet your mind. This allows for better concentration and a decrease in stress, which helps the brain to function better.

Yoga teaches the deliberate command of movement and breathing, with the aim of turning on the body’s “relaxation response”. Science increasingly backs this claim. For example, a 2010 study by Boise State put participants through eight weeks of daily yoga and meditation practice. In parallel with self-reported stress-reduction, brain scans showed shrinkage of part of their amygdala, a deep-brain structure strongly implicated in processing stress, fear, and anxiety.

Meditation is also known to extend life by slowing down cellular aging. People who meditate regularly say that they not only feel happier but are better able to deal with the day-to-day challenges of life.

Inversion Table

Since the blood needs to move through the body one way against gravity, an inversion table helps the procedure while you’re hanging upside down. Gravity influences every one of the organs. The hypothesis defenders of the inversion table contend is that hanging upside down can help decongest the organs. In the article, “Turning Back Pain and Sciatica Upside Down,” Lali Sekhon, MD, PhD, FACS, FAANS, expresses that extending by hanging topsy turvy can empower the lymphatic framework to expand the stream of liquids, which expel waste.

Strength Training:

Strength training will raise your level of endorphins. These are natural opiates that are created by your brain, which raise energy levels and enhance state of mind. Also, there is also ample evidence to support that strength training may help you sleep better, as well. Both these benefits will help recovering from a recent injury.

Sources

The Franklin Institute, Article by Ben Martynoga in The Guardian, The University of Georgia study, Duke University study, Salk Institute study, National Institute of Health, TIME Magazine – University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise study, Harvard University, Boise State University study

Since the 1960s many studies have shown that enrichment enhances functional recovery after brain damage.

Neurobiology:

Over the last 30 years many different types of brain damage have been modelled in animals or directly studies in humans. According to a report written on these studies from group of neuroscientists at both the Universite Louis Pasteur Strasbourg France and the University of California at Berkley, the comparisons were of the relative effectiveness of physical exercise, and of training on structural and functional assessments for injury recovery.

The results of these various studies showed that although physical exercise may have positive effects, that training and learning is generally more effective than physical exercise in treatment.

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Sources

Will, B., Galani, R., Kelche, C., & Rosenzweig, M. R. (2004). Recovery from brain injury in animals: relative efficacy of environmental enrichment, physical exercise or formal training (1990-2002), Progress in Neurobiology, The University of Georgia study, 72 (3): 167-182. Retrieved on February 2, 2018 from Science Direct